Established in 1852, the Cambria Iron Company (later known as the Cambria Steel Company) is a former company located in Johnstown, Pennsylvania that made many important contributions to the iron and steel industry. Before Cambria, only a very few small-scale blast furnaces and foundries existed in Johnstown. The inventor, William Kelly implemented many of his iron and steel technology advances at this location and the facility attracted some of the innovators of the steel industry and it was also the site
If you know anything about Johnstown, you’ve heard of the Great Flood of 1889. After torrential downpours drenched the steel-making town on May 31 that year, 20 million tons of water crashed through the South Fork Dam at Lake Conemaugh 14 miles upstream of the city. What followed remains Pennsylvania’s deadliest disaster.When the poorly maintained dam broke in late afternoon, it sent a rolling hill of water and debris moving with the force of Niagara Falls toward the city, flattening everything in its path. By the time the floodwaters receded, more than 2,200 people were dead. Many perished in a subsequent fire that raged through the tons of accumulated debris, which included entire houses.It’s a tragic tale that sticks with you, but it’s also a story that’s ultimately inspiring, say organizers of Cambria County’s Path of the Flood Historic Races, which follow the route of the flood through the Little Conemaugh Valley.
Did you know you can see a galaxy 2½ million light-years away with your unaided eyes? Craters on the Moon with binoculars? Countless wonders await you any clear night. The first step is simply to look up and ask, “What’s that?” Begin gazing at the stars from your backyard, and you’ll be taking the first step toward a lifetime of cosmic exploration and enjoyment.But what, exactly, comes next? Too many newcomers to astronomy get lost in dead ends and quit in frustration. It shouldn’t be that way.What advice would help beginners the most? A while ago, the Sky & Telescope editors got together to brainstorm this question. Pooling thoughts from more than 100 years of collective experience answering the phones and mail, we came up with the following pointers to help newcomers past the most common pitfalls and onto the likeliest route to success.